Planting By Zone: A Complete Guide

written by EcoScraps Staff

Have you ever wondered if you could grow juicy strawberries if your last frost is in June? Or maybe some tasty melons in Texas? With so many plant varieties and so many different climates, it can be a challenge knowing what plants will grow in your garden.

Here is some great information that will help you figure out what plants can grow where you live or if a plant you want to grow can those juicy strawberries!

  • What Is a Hardiness Zone Map
  • Find Your Hardiness Zone
  • Finding Plants That Grow In Your Zone
  • Caring for Plants In Your Zone and Climate
  • Best Crops To Grow In Each Zone

    What Is a Hardiness Zone Map

    A hardiness zone map breaks the U.S into 13 zones. The purpose of each zone is to help people know which plants are able to grow based on the area's lowest average temperature. All plants have a certain temperature range in which they can grow, also known as their hardiness. While knowing a plants hardiness is not the only indicator of success, it is the key to selecting which plants will be able to grow in your garden. 

    Find Your Hardiness Zone

    Finding your specific zone is pretty easy. Just enter your ZIP code here.

    Finding Plants That Grow In Your Zone

    Once you know your hardiness zone, next it's time to find some plants to grow! This website will allow you to look up specific plant information. The most important information you would want to know about each plant is it's recommended hardiness zone and how much water, soil-moisture, and sunlight it needs.

    While you might be in the right hardiness zone, your local climate could make growing certain plants difficult.

    Caring for Plants In Your Zone and Climate

    Most plants will be growable in multiple hardiness zones. However each plant’s hardiness is not the only factor that will determine its success. Once you find that you are in the right zone for a given plant and its water, soil, and sunlight requirements are met, you will need to know how to give it the best care. Here is a great website that lists tons of useful information about how to grow many varieties of plants as well as some guidance if they are not growing as expected.

    Best Crops To Grow In Each Zone

    If you're new to gardening and you want to know some plants that grow great in your zone, check these out! To find your zone click here.

    Zones 1-2:
    Growing season: April – September
    Best plants to grow: Vine tomatoes, lettuce, kale, broccoli, asparagus, eggplant, other vegetables with short time between planting and harvest

    Zones 3-4:
    Growing season: April – October
    Best plants to grow: Vine tomatoes, lettuce, kale, broccoli, asparagus, spinach, strawberries, eggplant, sweet peas, pole beans, winter squash, red and white potatoes

    Zones 5-6:
    Growing season: March – October
    Best plants to grow: Tomatoes, corn, squash, melons, beans, strawberries, lettuce and other greens in the spring and fall

    Zones 7-8:
    Growing season: March-November
    Best plants to grow: Corn, tomatoes, melons, squash, collard greens, carrots, bush beans, asparagus and leafy greens during the cooler month

    Zones 9-10:
    Growing season: February-November
    Best plants to grow: Tomatoes, melons, squash, corn, peppers, yams, citrus, peaches, figs, bananas, salad greens and sweet peas during the cooler months

    Zones 11-13:
    Growing season: Year-round
    Best plants to grow: kale, okinawa spinach, pole beans, passionfruit, sweet potato, red potato, cassava, pineapple, pumpkin, mango, papaya, Thai chili peppers, citrus, bananas, taro